Listed by alleged code violation
The charges can be broken down as follows:
- UCMJ 104 (Aiding the enemy): 1 count. This charge carries a potential death penalty.
- UCMJ 92 (Failure to obey a lawful order or regulation): 9 counts. Mostly related to computers.
- Army Regulation 25-2, para. 4-6(k): Forbids transferring classified info to non-secure systems
- Army Regulation 25-2, para. 4-5(a)(3): Modifying or installing unauthorized software to a system, using it for 'unintended' purposes.
- Army Regulation 25-2, para. 4-5(a)(4): Circumventing security mechanisms
- Army Regulation 380-5: Improper storage of Classified Information
- UCMJ 134 (General article): 24 counts. Most of these counts incorporate civilian statutes from the United States Code:
- : Embezzlement and Theft of Public Money, Property or Records. The government has claimed that various sets of records that Manning transferred were 'things of value' and has thus charged him under this statute.
- Espionage Act. The law forbids 'unauthorized persons' from taking 'national defense' information and either 'retaining' it or delivering it to 'persons not entitled to receive it'. The terminology is rather complicated and often contested in court. 793(e) exists because the McCarran Internal Security Act of 1950 modified the original 1917 Espionage Act, partly because of the Alger Hiss/Pumpkin papers case. It is also the same law used against Daniel Ellsberg and Anthony Russo in the Pentagon papers case.: This is part of the
- Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986. 1030(a)(1) is sometimes called the 'Computer Espionage' law as it borrows much of its language from the Espionage Act. It was modified by the USA Patriot Act of 2001, which added it to the 'Federal Crimes of Terrorism' list, as well as making it prosecutable under RICO (Racketeering) law. 1 & 2: These are from the
Total number of counts: 34